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Standard Library

Below is the API for the OCaml standard library. It's directly copied over from the OCaml Manual, formatted to the Reason syntax and styled accordingly. The API docs are work-in-progress; we'll be polishing these gradually!

If you're targeting JavaScript, the API docs for BuckleScript includes all of below, plus JS-specific APIs.

Module Lexing

module Lexing: sig .. end
The run-time library for lexers generated by ocamllex.


Positions

type position = {
   pos_fname : string;
   pos_lnum : int;
   pos_bol : int;
   pos_cnum : int;
}
A value of type position describes a point in a source file. pos_fname is the file name; pos_lnum is the line number; pos_bol is the offset of the beginning of the line (number of characters between the beginning of the lexbuf and the beginning of the line); pos_cnum is the offset of the position (number of characters between the beginning of the lexbuf and the position). The difference between pos_cnum and pos_bol is the character offset within the line (i.e. the column number, assuming each character is one column wide).

See the documentation of type lexbuf for information about how the lexing engine will manage positions.

let dummy_pos: position;
A value of type position, guaranteed to be different from any valid position.

Lexer buffers

type lexbuf = {
   refill_buff : lexbuf -> unit;
   mutable lex_buffer : bytes;
   mutable lex_buffer_len : int;
   mutable lex_abs_pos : int;
   mutable lex_start_pos : int;
   mutable lex_curr_pos : int;
   mutable lex_last_pos : int;
   mutable lex_last_action : int;
   mutable lex_eof_reached : bool;
   mutable lex_mem : int array;
   mutable lex_start_p : position;
   mutable lex_curr_p : position;
}
The type of lexer buffers. A lexer buffer is the argument passed to the scanning functions defined by the generated scanners. The lexer buffer holds the current state of the scanner, plus a function to refill the buffer from the input.

At each token, the lexing engine will copy lex_curr_p to lex_start_p, then change the pos_cnum field of lex_curr_p by updating it with the number of characters read since the start of the lexbuf. The other fields are left unchanged by the lexing engine. In order to keep them accurate, they must be initialised before the first use of the lexbuf, and updated by the relevant lexer actions (i.e. at each end of line -- see also new_line).

let from_channel: Pervasives.in_channel => lexbuf;
Create a lexer buffer on the given input channel. Lexing.from_channel inchan returns a lexer buffer which reads from the input channel inchan, at the current reading position.
let from_string: string => lexbuf;
Create a lexer buffer which reads from the given string. Reading starts from the first character in the string. An end-of-input condition is generated when the end of the string is reached.
let from_function: (bytes => int => int) => lexbuf;
Create a lexer buffer with the given function as its reading method. When the scanner needs more characters, it will call the given function, giving it a byte sequence s and a byte count n. The function should put n bytes or fewer in s, starting at index 0, and return the number of bytes provided. A return value of 0 means end of input.

Functions for lexer semantic actions


Functions for lexer semantic actions


The following functions can be called from the semantic actions of lexer definitions (the ML code enclosed in braces that computes the value returned by lexing functions). They give access to the character string matched by the regular expression associated with the semantic action. These functions must be applied to the argument lexbuf, which, in the code generated by ocamllex, is bound to the lexer buffer passed to the parsing function.
let lexeme: lexbuf => string;
Lexing.lexeme lexbuf returns the string matched by the regular expression.
let lexeme_char: lexbuf => int => char;
Lexing.lexeme_char lexbuf i returns character number i in the matched string.
let lexeme_start: lexbuf => int;
Lexing.lexeme_start lexbuf returns the offset in the input stream of the first character of the matched string. The first character of the stream has offset 0.
let lexeme_end: lexbuf => int;
Lexing.lexeme_end lexbuf returns the offset in the input stream of the character following the last character of the matched string. The first character of the stream has offset 0.
let lexeme_start_p: lexbuf => position;
Like lexeme_start, but return a complete position instead of an offset.
let lexeme_end_p: lexbuf => position;
Like lexeme_end, but return a complete position instead of an offset.
let new_line: lexbuf => unit;
Update the lex_curr_p field of the lexbuf to reflect the start of a new line. You can call this function in the semantic action of the rule that matches the end-of-line character.
Since 3.11.0

Miscellaneous functions

let flush_input: lexbuf => unit;
Discard the contents of the buffer and reset the current position to 0. The next use of the lexbuf will trigger a refill.