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Standard Library

Below is the API for the OCaml standard library. It's directly copied over from the OCaml Manual, formatted to the Reason syntax and styled accordingly. The API docs are work-in-progress; we'll be polishing these gradually!

If you're targeting JavaScript, the API docs for BuckleScript includes all of below, plus JS-specific APIs.

Module Buffer

module Buffer: sig .. end
Extensible buffers.

This module implements buffers that automatically expand as necessary. It provides accumulative concatenation of strings in quasi-linear time (instead of quadratic time when strings are concatenated pairwise).


type t;
The abstract type of buffers.
let create: int => t;
create n returns a fresh buffer, initially empty. The n parameter is the initial size of the internal byte sequence that holds the buffer contents. That byte sequence is automatically reallocated when more than n characters are stored in the buffer, but shrinks back to n characters when reset is called. For best performance, n should be of the same order of magnitude as the number of characters that are expected to be stored in the buffer (for instance, 80 for a buffer that holds one output line). Nothing bad will happen if the buffer grows beyond that limit, however. In doubt, take n = 16 for instance. If n is not between 1 and Sys.max_string_length, it will be clipped to that interval.
let contents: t => string;
Return a copy of the current contents of the buffer. The buffer itself is unchanged.
let to_bytes: t => bytes;
Return a copy of the current contents of the buffer. The buffer itself is unchanged.
Since 4.02
let sub: t => int => int => string;
Buffer.sub b off len returns (a copy of) the bytes from the current contents of the buffer b starting at offset off of length len bytes. May raise Invalid_argument if out of bounds request. The buffer itself is unaffected.
let blit: t => int => bytes => int => int => unit;
Buffer.blit src srcoff dst dstoff len copies len characters from the current contents of the buffer src, starting at offset srcoff to dst, starting at character dstoff.

Raise Invalid_argument if srcoff and len do not designate a valid range of src, or if dstoff and len do not designate a valid range of dst.
Since 3.11.2

let nth: t => int => char;
get the n-th character of the buffer. Raise Invalid_argument if index out of bounds
let length: t => int;
Return the number of characters currently contained in the buffer.
let clear: t => unit;
Empty the buffer.
let reset: t => unit;
Empty the buffer and deallocate the internal byte sequence holding the buffer contents, replacing it with the initial internal byte sequence of length n that was allocated by Buffer.create n. For long-lived buffers that may have grown a lot, reset allows faster reclamation of the space used by the buffer.
let add_char: t => char => unit;
add_char b c appends the character c at the end of the buffer b.
let add_string: t => string => unit;
add_string b s appends the string s at the end of the buffer b.
let add_bytes: t => bytes => unit;
add_string b s appends the string s at the end of the buffer b.
Since 4.02
let add_substring: t => string => int => int => unit;
add_substring b s ofs len takes len characters from offset ofs in string s and appends them at the end of the buffer b.
let add_subbytes: t => bytes => int => int => unit;
add_substring b s ofs len takes len characters from offset ofs in byte sequence s and appends them at the end of the buffer b.
Since 4.02
let add_substitute: t => (string => string) => string => unit;
add_substitute b f s appends the string pattern s at the end of the buffer b with substitution. The substitution process looks for variables into the pattern and substitutes each variable name by its value, as obtained by applying the mapping f to the variable name. Inside the string pattern, a variable name immediately follows a non-escaped $ character and is one of the following:
  • a non empty sequence of alphanumeric or _ characters,
  • an arbitrary sequence of characters enclosed by a pair of matching parentheses or curly brackets. An escaped $ character is a $ that immediately follows a backslash character; it then stands for a plain $. Raise Not_found if the closing character of a parenthesized variable cannot be found.

let add_buffer: t => t => unit;
add_buffer b1 b2 appends the current contents of buffer b2 at the end of buffer b1. b2 is not modified.
let add_channel: t => Pervasives.in_channel => int => unit;
add_channel b ic n reads exactly n character from the input channel ic and stores them at the end of buffer b. Raise End_of_file if the channel contains fewer than n characters.
let output_buffer: Pervasives.out_channel => t => unit;
output_buffer oc b writes the current contents of buffer b on the output channel oc.